STAMPS - Standardized aquatic monitoring of priority pollutants using passive sampling
STAMPS was a 10 partner consortium of scientists from universities, commercial and governmental organisations, and a Normation Organisation to achieve normation of passive sampling methods for monitoring priority pollutants in freshwater. Calibrated devices and sampling procedures were developed and their performance validated alongside spot sampling for pollutants in freshwater across Europe. A commercial design was also manufactured in large numbers for field evaluation alongside spot sampling. The data and methodology informed normation and the results were disseminated across the EU to end users. The potential of this approach in environmental management and water quality legislation was demonstrated, and the technical standardisation of passive sampling was integrated fully with formal standardisation at European level.