TOXIMON - Development of a novel, on-line genotoxicity monitor integrated with an effluent toxicity treatment system
The key objective of the TOXIMON project was to provide a solution to the problem of continuous genotoxicity testing for effluent streams. This was a socio-economic issue because methods of the time were not cost effective for SMEs while SMEs in various industries were in an increasing need to monitor the toxicity of their waste streams to avoid damage to the aquatic environment, biodiversity and wildlife. There had been a long lack of legislation requiring all industries to carry out genotoxicity testing, although the International Standards Organisation (ISO) outlined the need for genotoxicity testing in ISO 10993-3: 'Tests for Genotoxicity, Carcinogenicity and Reproductive Toxicity'. It was a preparatory action preceeding the IPPC (Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control) and the corresponding closures of the Water Framework Directive to reduce/eliminate the discharge of substances proven to be mutagenic or carcinogenic and the direct toxicity assessment on effluent discharges.